Source: USDA NASS OK | USDA NASS TX | April 16, 2019
(Scroll down for Texas)
Little to moderate precipitation was experienced across the state last week, with areas of east Central, south Central and Southeast districts averaging 2.28 inches. Northeast, Central and Southwest districts averaged nearly 1.50 inches of rainfall, while the rest of state recorded less than a quarter inch. According to OCS Mesonet, drought conditions were rated 4 percent abnormally dry to exceptional, up 1 point from the previous week.Statewide, temperatures averaged in the high 50s, ranging from 22 degrees at Boise City on Thursday, April 11 to 94 degrees at Hollis on Wednesday, April 10. Topsoil and subsoil moisture conditions were rated mostly adequate to surplus. There were 5.3 days suitable for fieldwork.
Small Grains: Winter wheat jointing reached 65 percent, down 7 points from the previous year and down 19 points from normal. Winter wheat headed reached 9 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 6 points from normal. Canola blooming reached 58 percent, up 18 points from the previous year and up 1 point from normal.Rye jointing reached 73 percent, up 5 points from the previous year but down 2 points from normal. Rye headed reached 1 percent, down 23 points from the previous year. Oats jointing reached 31 percent, down 4 points from the previous year and down 3 points from normal.
Row Crops: Corn planted reached 12 percent, down 5 points from the previous year and down 11 points from normal. Sorghum planted reached 2 percent, down 2 points from the previous year and down 4 points from normal. Cotton planted reached 3 percent, up 3 points from the previous year and up 2 points from normal.
Pasture and Livestock: Pasture and range condition was rated at 86 percent good to fair. Livestock condition was rated at 92 percent good to fair.
Early in the week most of the state experienced warm and windy conditions. A strong storm system moved through the state late in the week bringing severe weather, cooler temperatures and moderate precipitation to many areas. Precipitation in the Low Plains, the Cross Timbers, the Blacklands, South Central, and East Texas ranged from 1 to upwards of 5 inches. Rainfall in the rest of the state ranged from traces amounts up to 1 inch. There were 5.7 days suitable for fieldwork.
Small Grains: Wheat continued to progress in the Northern High Plains. Small grains in the Northern Low Plains, the Blacklands and the Edwards Plateau were in the heading stage. Wheat in South Texas was turning color.
Row Crops: Corn planting was underway in the Northern Low Plains. Corn and Sorghum were emerging in the Southern High Plains and progressed in the Blacklands, the Coastal Bend, the Upper Coast and South Texas. Insects damaged corn and sorghum in areas of South Texas. Field preparation for cotton planting was ongoing in the Southern Low Plains, while cotton planting was underway in the Blacklands and the Trans-Pecos. Rice planting continued in South Central Texas and the Upper Coast.
Fruit, Vegetable and Specialty Crops: Pecans were progressing in the Southern High Plains and the Trans-Pecos. Vegetable planting was underway in the Edwards Plateau. Melon and vegetables planting was active in South Texas, while cabbage harvest was completed this past week.
Livestock, Range and Pasture: Livestock condition remained mostly good to fair across the state. Variable temperatures were affecting the livestock in the Northern Low Plains. Newborn calves were lost due to baseball size hail in North East Texas. The reported use of supplemental feed was minimal. Pastureand range condition continued benefiting from precipitation and warmer temperatures, and was rated mostly fair to good