Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association

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Theft & Law Frequently Asked Questions

TSCRA Frequently Asked Questions – Law Enforcement

Download this .pdf to share these commonly asked questions about livestock and law enforcement.

Theft

Estray Livestock

Fences

Marks & Brands

Sale & Shipment of Livestock


Theft

How to I report a theft or missing property?

First, contact your local law enforcement official to report the incident. Then, contact your Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association (TSCRA) special ranger. Please provide as much information as you can collect about the theft. For more information, go to this page: How Do I Report A Theft?

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Can TSCRA special rangers help with civil issues with other landowners or cattle raisers?

No, special rangers have no jurisdiction in regards to civil issues.

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Estray Livestock

Who do I call about estray livestock?

Your county sheriff is responsible for handling stray livestock. For more information, go to this page: How Do I Report Stray Livestock?

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Can I sell estray livestock that come on my land?

No, that would be considered stealing. Contact your local sheriff and your special ranger.

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What should I do if my neighbor's cattle are on my property?

Notify the owner of cattle to remove them. If cattle are on your property and you do not know the owner, then notify the sheriff so cattle can be removed. Texas sheriffs are authorized by the Texas Agriculture Code to handle matters regarding estray, or stray, livestock.

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Fences

Whose responsibility is it to maintain a fence?

If it is a boundary fence, both parties share in the upkeep of the fence. If the fence is on an individual’s property, it is that individual’s responsibility to maintain the fence. Fence disputes are civil matters so, unfortunately, TSCRA special rangers cannot assist with fence disputes.

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Am I required to post “No Trespassing” signs?

No, but posted signs are a great deterrent to trespassing and your probability of getting trespassers prosecuted is far greater than not posting the property. Posting “No Trespassing” signs also helps to insulate the landowner from liability, should uninvited persons be injured on your property.

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May I use purple paint instead of “No Trespassing” signs?

In Texas and Oklahoma, purple paint is a method of prohibiting trespassing. The purple paint is one alternative to posting “No Trespassing” signs.

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Marks & Brands

Do I have to brand my cattle?

No, branding is not required in Texas or Oklahoma. However, the brand must be registered if you do brand livestock.

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How do I register my brand?

In Texas, brands are registered by the county clerk of the county in which you run livestock. The brand must be registered by the county clerk for that brand to be considered a legal means of ownership.

In Oklahoma the State Board of Agriculture is responsible for brand registration.

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Do I have to re-register my brand?

Yes. In Texas brands have to be re-registered every 10 years. The next brand re-registration period will begin Aug. 31, 2021.

If you do not re-register within that period, then your brand is up for grabs by someone else. Brands must be re-registered within that period regardless of the date it was originally registered. -Section 144.04 Texas Agriculture Code

In Oklahoma brands are re-registered every five years and is the responsibility of the State Board of Agriculture (Title 2-4-7 of the Oklahoma Agriculture Code). While brand re-registration dates are not specified, the code explains that the owners of currently registered brands will be notified about the re-registration period.

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Can someone else use the same brand?

Texas brands are registered on a county-by-county basis; therefore, another individual can have the same brand registered in the same location on livestock in another county. The same brand can be used within the same county by another individual as long as it is registered and branded in a different location on the livestock. The location of the brand is as important as the brand itself.
Oklahoma brands are registered on a statewide basis, so no identical brands may be registered.

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Sale & Shipment of Livestock

What is required to prove the sale of livestock?

A bill of sale is required that includes a description of each head of livestock, including marks and brands.

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What is required to transport cattle intrastate?

Normally no health papers are required. However, health papers may be required by the Texas Animal Health Commission if livestock are being moved from a quarantine area or a tick zone.

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What is required to transport cattle interstate?

Health papers are always required. We suggest checking with
the state veterinarian in the destination state to see what is required.
If livestock are being moved to a mandatory brand state, then a brand inspection certificate is required. Most of the states in the western U.S. are mandatory brand states. TSCRA special rangers can inspect and furnish a brand inspection certificate for livestock being moved to a mandatory brand state.

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Texas and Southwestern Cattle Raisers Association